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| >> Palm and Cycad >> 2.Trachycarpus fortunei  (Tesan,Chusan and Misan,etc)

Hardiness: 5ºF/-15ºC ~ -4ºF/-20ºC
Available Size:0.5-4m trunk height.

Trachycarpus fortune , in a scientific sense,is a general name for all its sub-species including Trachycarpus fortune cv Chusan, Trachycarpus fortunei cv Tesan and Trachycaprus fortune var Winsan,etc. When people normally talk about Trachycarpus fortune, it refers to the most common T.fortunei cv Chusan.
Trachycarpus fortune is native to China with a cultivation history of thousands of years and right now is commonly seen around the word. When it comes to the cultivation practice in China, it has several categories or sub-species according to the trunk, leave and hair, cold hardiness serving different functions and uses.



Trachycarpus fortunei is one of the most popular cold hardy palms. What make it distinct from other palms is its incredible resistance to cold . It prefers cooler and temperate areas, and although it will grow in the sub-tropics, it will struggle in the tropics. It likes full sun, and moist well drained soil. the seedlings are quite quick growers. A medium sized fan palm is easy to grow.

1. Trachycarpus fortune cv Tesan (rarely seen in the market) :

It is a good new species , famous for its cold hardiness -20ºC. Fat and relatively short trunk, compacted , big ,thick and green leave with a blunt tip.The seeds are white dark blue, the biggest of all trachycarpus with much white wax all over the outer skin making it different from others .The seedling is growing fast with comparatively broader leaves and has stronger life and easy to grow. The hair on the trunk is thicker than other its couterparts  and plus with fatter trunk and compact nice shorter leaves than its counterpart. What is special is it stands-20C based on the cultivation experiment decades ago. But the palms are quite scarcely available as Tesan is a newly found species and the cultivation costs are high and many foreign palms came to China greatly affecting the local palm sales and few will take the challenge to culitvate them.The only adult palms in China are what were cultivated decades ago in the branch , some of which were bought by a Spanish customer.

Warning: There are some companies claiming that they are selling Tesan palm or seeds. Most are fake like the so called Trachycarpus princeps -green story. We are the first one to introduce this species abroad and the only company we sell Tesan to is from Spain and their palms are sold to Austria. No second company in China has dealt in adult Tesan as the only available ones were cultivated years ago in the experimental field .But if you cannot find them on their website ever, how do you expect them to know what Tesan is and  sell the real Tesan palms  Some foreign customers even believe the seeds from Beijing is real Tesan seeds with no idea that Tesan seeds are not produced in Beijing and the only several adult palms there did not produce seeds untill last year and nobody knows where it exactly is after our cold hardiness experiment  years ago. Plus palms from South China are being transported to North China as the climate is getting warmer year by year , thus creating a confusion and misunderstanding that palms from the north are growing locally and must be Tesan.  So customers need to be careful of such tricks due to the above misunderstanding.

2. Trachycaprus fortune cv Chusan  ( most commonly seen in the market):


Trachycarpus fortunei cv Chusan is the regular Trachycarpus fortunei which have been exported from China to abroad over the years. It is the most common one we see in life and exporation to abroad from China. I t has tall and thin trunk, long , big and thin leave of dark green color with a sharp tip, long peitol, thin and long hair.

Trachycaprus fortunei cv Chusan falls into 2 categories, one is from the wild , the other from cultivation. The wild ones are pretty thin with very long leaves whereas the cultivated Trachycarpus fortunei cv Chusan have shorter leaves and fatter trunk, though may not be as short and strong in petiols and trunk respectively.

One thing to be emphasized is that there is some certain T.fortunei cv Chusan which have somewhite waxy substance underneath looking white gray, but not as white and clear as T.princeps ,demonstrated by the above photo.




3. Trachycarpus fortunei var Winsan (rarely seen in cultivation) :

Its seeds are unknown and what makes them special is that they have full round leave with segments making a full round shape as compared to the 1/2 or 3/4 shape seen in other species. The first and second photos show the look of T.fortunei cv Winsan as compared to the third one of T.fortunei cv Chusan..

4. Trachycarpus fortune var Misan (only seen in some  wild mountains) :


Trachycarpus fortunei var Misan is the real mini-size Trachycarpus fortunei , even smaller than Trachycarpus wagnerianus in definite sense. This species is in  some isolated mountains in the wild, probably the most native one of its genus. The interesting thing about them is they have elegant small leaves shifting from yellow to green , only about 1/2- 3/4 of the size of T.fortunei leave. The trunk is also gracefully slim making them a cute palm in the limited space. It has yellow green leave
The seeds are purple blue with some wax , the seeds are smaller than that of Trachycarpus chusan.

5. Trachycarpus fortune cv Hasan ( not so commonly seen)
It is like Trachycapru fortune cv Tesan in term of the trunk , but its leaves are kind of smaller and the color is lighter than its counterpart.Its hair is kind of fragile and easy breaking .





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